Renewable energy

Activity

  • Sector information

    The use of renewable energy sources (FRE) is one of the principal priorities; their exploitation is part of the long-term economic and social development programs of the country and essential for the achievement of the following objectives:

    • Decrease the inefficiency of the electrical system
    • Reduce dependence on fossil fuels
    • Contribute to environmental sustainability
    • Use of renewable energy sources
    • Modify the energy matrix of generation and consumption
    • Increase the competitiveness of the economy as a whole
    • Lower the high cost of energy delivered to consumers

Engineering companies Iproyaz, Azcuba, and Inel, of the Unión Eléctrica, the Grupo Empresarial de la IndustriaSideromecánica and companies of the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of the Foods Industry have highly qualified personnel to execute these programs and there are plants and workshops available.

The country has more than 10 universities with highly trained scientific-technical personnel providing engineering degree courses in technical specialties, undergraduate degrees in economics, social sciences and others. Postgraduate and diploma courses, Masters and PhD courses are also given.

Currently, the use of renewable energy sources is low, since they only produce 4.3% of the country's electricity.

Classification of renewable energies

  • Wind resource

    The Project for Prospecting and characterization of Cuban wind potential was carried out, which included the installation of a network of 88 automatic stations for measuring wind parameters at heights up to 50 meters in 32 areas of the country and a network of 12 stations meteorological reference, with measurements up to 100 meters high.

    We have the endorsement of the Garrad Hassan& Partners International Consultants (Garrad HassanIberica ranch) based on the Technical Project Assessment for Wind Power Prospects and the estimate for yield in 10 zones and with the experience acquired in installation and exploitation of 4 demonstration wind farms, with a total of 11.7 MW. Of these, those installed in northern Holguin province (9.6 MW) have reached an annual capacity factor of over 27%.

    Based on available wind resources, the Union Electrica has studied and provided for the installation of 633 MW at 13 Wind Farms, with capacity factors of over 30% that will produce over 1000GWh/year; thus some 900,000 tons of CO2 will not be emitted into the atmosphere.

    We foresee linking up with national industries to manufacture air-generating towers and other components for the installations and for the opportunity to set up production partnerships with foreign partners to provide these components for the Wind Farm Program.

  • BIOGAS

Currently the country’s development programs for pork, beef and poultry production include obtaining significant volumes of organic waste, as well as waste obtained from the foods industry factories and the sugar industry, figures on the rise with the development plans underway. Currently the potential for organic waste is for over 490 million m3, coming from animal products, the foods industry and solid urban waste.

It is a top priority for the country to eliminate the pollution of rivers and hydrographic basins, making use of this waste for energy purposes. The foods industry and pork production require this kind of technology because of the volumes of waste they produce and this is an opportunity to set up partnerships with foreign partners to achieve that objective.

  • Biomass

    The participation of this renewable source is the first priority for the country in the change of the energy matrix.

    In order to increase the sale of electricity to the National Electro energy System (Sistema Electroenergético Nacional), the installation of 755 MW has been studied and projected through 19 bioelectric plants close to sugar mills, with higher pressure and temperature parameters to operate for more than 200 days a year with sugarcane and forest biomass, mainly sickle bush, available in areas close to these facilities. An important group of them will be built with foreign capital.

    The 19 bioelectric plants are expected to produce more than 1,900 GWh/year and to eliminate the emission of approximately 1,700,000 tons of CO2 into the atmosphere. These projects have studies in the opportunity stage, which indicate their feasibility.

    As part of the development of the Bioelectrical Program, the modernization of Azcuba's boiler factory in the central region of the country is planned to meet the demand for high and medium pressure boilers, as well as workshops for the production of fans, superheaters and other components. The Grupo Empresarial de la Industria Sideromecánica's plants will be able to supply structures, pumps and other components.

    These linkages will reduce the installation costs of bioelectric plants in sugar mills and offer the opportunity to establish productive alliances with foreign partners for the supply of this important program.

  • Hydropower

    Based on the dams already built in the country and the water available in canals and water bodies, a program has been developed for the construction of 74 small hydroelectric power plants (SHPP) with more than 56 MW. The corresponding opportunity studies have been prepared. Once all the projected power is installed, the program will produce an annual generation of 274 GWh, which will reduce the emission of 230,000 tons of CO2 into the atmosphere.

    For the production of small hydroelectric turbines, there are capacities in a plant with experience in the manufacture of hydraulic turbines up to 325 kW and other components and parts for these installations, which is expected to be modernized for this purpose and which offers the opportunity to establish productive alliances with foreign partners to reduce investment costs.

  • Photovoltaic power

    The solar radiation potential registered in the country is approximately 5 KWh per square meter per day. The installation of 700 MWp in photovoltaic solar parks (PVSP) connected to the National Electric System has been studied until 2030. The macro or micro-locations of the areas where the PVSPs connected to the grid will be built have been defined and the corresponding opportunity studies have been prepared. Priority will be given to PVSPs that can be installed in electrical systems on tourist keys.

    Once all the planned PVSP power is installed, more than 1,000 GWh/year will be produced, which will prevent the emission of more than 874,000 tons of CO2 into the atmosphere.

    The country has a 150 and 240 Wp Photovoltaic Solar Panel Production Plant, located in Pinar del Río, with an annual production capacity of 14 MWp, which offers the opportunity to establish productive alliances with foreign partners to increase these productions. The national industry also has the capacity to manufacture the support structures required for the installation of the planned PVSPs.

Business Oportunity

None

Photovoltaic solar farms (10 MW)

Sector: Energy.

15.0 million USD.

None

Solar photovoltaic farms (25 MW)

Sector: Energy.

37.5 million USD.

None

Solar photovoltaic Parks (45 MW)

Sector: Energy.

67.5 million USD.

None

Generation of electric energy and organic fertilizer from wastewater treatment at Santa Cruz del Norte Industrial Complex

Sector: Energy.

28.8 million USD.

None

Solar photovoltaic parks (10 MW)

Sector: Energy.

15.0 million USD.

None

Solar photovoltaic park (10 MW)

Sector: Energy.

15.0 million USD.

Contacts

Renewable Energy Directorate
Ministerio de Energía y Minas

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